Saturday, January 27, 2007

MWH4.1.5.End of Communism

Topic: End of Communism in the USSR

  • Problems of the Soviet Union, 1954-84
    • These are some areas which presented problems to the Soviet Union from 1954-1984. Identify the problems associated with each of these areas, and explain how these problems were responsible for the decline of the Soviet Union. Think of how you would want to organise your information. Write your answers in your notebook to be presentedin class.
      • Eastern Europe
      • Proxy wars
      • Arms race
      • Gerentocracy
      • Economic Stagnation
  • Soviet Reforms 1985-1991
    • Explain
      • Perestroika
      • Glasnost
    • Identify and Explain
      • Intended Outcomes of Perestroika & Glasnost
      • Implemented Policies that were introduced
      • and their Unintended Consequences
  • Review of CA1.1
    • Why did the USSR establish satellite states in Eastern Europe after WWII? (12)
      • Security Buffer
      • Ideological Expansion
      • Political Retaliation
      • Economic Reparations
  • PHOTOS: The Lost City of Chernobyl

US Propaganda in 1952: Communism in the Soviet Union

Thursday, January 25, 2007

MWH3.1.5.Communist Russia

Topic: Rise of Authoritarian Regimes: Communist Russia
Enquiry-question: Was the rise of authoritarian regimes inevitable, and did
they bring more harm than good?

National Anthem of the USSR


  • Admin
    • Submission of SEQ Assignment on Unit 2.1. Workbook pg. 49.
  • Review: Establishing Peace
    • Were the hopes of the world in preventing another world war fulfilled in the 1920s?
  • Background to Russia
    • Geopolitics (Slide 1)
    • Socio-Economic (Slides 2-4)
    • World War I (Slides 5-7)
    • Russian Revolutions of 1917 (Slides 8-9)
  • SKILLS: SBQ Inference
  • VIDEO: October
  • Stalin's rise to power
    • Lenin's Legacy
    • Stalin's Strategies
    • Trotsky's Miseries

Survivor Singapore

DATE: 30 JAN 2007
TIME: 2000-2230
ATTENDEES: 13 4J & 8 4C

A group of students have been given the task of creating projects that ‘think outside the box’. They wrack their brains to find what they can do that will really MAKE A DIFFERENCE. Instead of going on field trips learning to make ketupat or performing a multi-racial dance, they decide to create projects that will make young Singaporeans VALUE LIFE and not take their comforts for granted. They decide to create Survivor Singapore.

But… have they gone too far to prove a point?

A must-see for every teenager, Survivor Singapore written by Haresh Sharma and directed by Natalie Hennedige, touches on issues such as identity and community, and the youthful passion to fight for what you believe in. Entertaining and thought-provoking.

Starring Karen Tan, Chermaine Ang, TT Dhavamanni, Najib Soiman (bijaN), Phin Wong and Kumar
Written by Haresh Sharma
Directed by Natalie Hennedige


Monday, January 22, 2007

3G Talk-pic: The League of Nations

Dear 3G,

We are warming up to more exciting stuffs ahead. This is a warm-up. Share your views to this question in the comments of this post. You are free to start the topic or you can reply to a comment made by your friends.

Deadline: 29 Jan 07

Happy commenting!

So in today's lesson, we saw the successes and failures of the League of Nations and we discovered that one reason for its weakness who the volatile membership situation where countries joined and left as they wished (eg. Germany and Japan) while the heavyweight countries did not join (eg. the USA) or joined only much later (eg. the USSR). So here is our discussion point:

Why was the Soviet Union allowed to join the League of Nations in 1934?

Focus: the Soviet Union
- What about the USSR? What's so bad/good about it? Was it not allowed to join earlier? Why not? Did it want to join earlier? Why yes? Why no?

Focus: 1934
- what about 1934? What's so unusual about 1934? Why 1934? Why not earlier? Why not later?

Saturday, January 20, 2007

MWH4.1.4.Cold War

Topic: The Cold War

  • Checking of Sec3 SA2 Holiday Assignments (the 4 other SEQs which you were supposed to complete from MWH & HSS SA2 2006)
  • Escalation of the Cold War
    • in Germany: Berlin Blockade
    • in Europe: Berlin Uprising, Hungarian Revolt
    • in the World: China, Korea, Vietnam and Cuba
    • in space: US-USSR arms race
  • VIDEO: Escape from Berlin/Forrest Gump/Dear America
  • FILM: The Lives of Others

    • Why did the USSR establish satellite states in Eastern Europe after World War II? [12]
    • Only for 4C and 4J. To be attempted in class in 25mins.
  • Overview of O Levels MWH topics.
  • 4C students are reminded to email their AIMS and APPROACH to Combined Humanities in 2007 to

Launch of Soviet Ballistic Missile

Sunday, January 14, 2007

STI News: To understand today's Japan, catch this movie

Jan 13, 2007
To understand today's Japan, catch this movie
Clint Eastwood's latest film Letters From Iwo Jima gives insight into what Japan really wants

MR AKIRA Amari, a big shot from Tokyo, thinks the world has the Japanese pegged all wrong.

The country really isn't trying to metamorphose into some refurbished Godzilla military monster, claims Japan's new Economy, Trade and Industry Minister. But he accepts the fact that memories die hard and older generations, especially, find it hard to forget all the enormous pain and suffering that Japan once brought to bear on the Asian neighbourhood.

But Minister Amari, looking at you straight in the eye, begs you to look at Japan in a straightforward way, too. He begs you, in fact, to look at the Japanese the way Hollywood's Clint Eastwood has done in his film Letters From Iwo Jima.

That film, he avers, gives you the true picture of the Japanese. They are not warmongers, sadists or imperialists, but are nothing more nor nothing less than messed-up human beings like the rest of us - and more or less as miserable as everyone else caught up in the profound and all-encompassing misery of World War II.

'This movie left a deep impression in Japan,' he explained after a speech before the prestigious World Affairs Council in Los Angeles last week. 'It reminded everyone that in the history of our two great countries, there have been times of great conflict.' This, he says, must never happen again: 'The Japan-United States relationship is more important than ever.'

This moving Eastwood film, already nominated as one of last year's best pictures, caught the Japanese eye and moved the Japanese soul. 'We were very much touched. What it that, be they the enemy or the ally, soldiers are all the same. It really caught the feeling of the average soldier on the ground.'

Why did Japan fight so hard, so long and so obviously in such a disastrously losing cause? The Japanese soldier, Mr Amari explains, was scared out of his mind about what the Americans would do to his family and loved ones if they ever got to Japan. Notwithstanding whatever the posturing, in-denial Japanese commander on the ground was thinking - much less the wholly out-of-it generals back in Tokyo - the real Japanese soldier, knowing the war was lost, staked his honour on slowing the inevitable advance of the Americans as much as he could.

The attitude in the trenches, therefore, was not to take over the world but rather to stop the enemy.

Mr Amari argues that just this defensive mentality underlies Japanese military thinking today. The country is not hoping or planning or even remotely imagining a return to the bad old days of aggression, which left the nation half-burned to the ground and the economy reduced to a pathetic Third World status.

On the contrary, the Japanese people - like the soldiers in the caves and tunnels of Iwo Jima - now only want to be able to defend themselves should, some day, the blowtorch of aggression be trained on them. They hope, therefore, to see major improvement in relations with China - a process that new Prime Minister Shinzo Abe initiated immediately upon taking office in Septembe r. They hope the very serious and potentially destabilising issues with North Korea are cleverly settled through negotiations.

But most of all, they accept, Mr Amari reports, that the relationship with the US is the key to military moderation for Japan - not the goad to a wild rearmament that threatens neighbours.

'We feel very passionate' about the value of a defensive posture, says the minister, for any other military option would either end up sending Japan off onto a very bad road that offers but a stiff cliff at the end, or leave it vulnerable to enemies who perhaps wish to avenge old scores.

Thus, Japan must always be seen as supporting other Asian countries, not threatening them; as encouraging greater economic and perhaps even some measure of regional political integration, not trying to play the divisive old game of divide-and-rule; and as dutifully and purposefully continuing its own internal economic reforms so as to provide not only a better life for its own people but also even more Japanese investment in other Asian economies.

The passion for peace is reflected in the country's Constitution, of course, all but dictated by the conquering Americans. So why is Tokyo now trying to amend it to loosen restrictions on its military options? And why has the Department of Defence just recently been upgraded to a fully ministerial agency - a status long denied?

Those continually distrustful of Japan will see in these tea leaves what they wish to envision. But after listening to the public pitch of Minister Amari, I began to think he is right. Japan wants to be strong only to make sure there is never another horrible war, like the one Eastwood's experienced eye caught pitch-perfect in his brave and important new film. See the film to understand today's Japan.

The writer, a veteran US journalist, is a member of the Pacific Council on International Policy.

Copyright: Tom Plate

MWH4.1.3.Cold War

Period I
  • Admin & Housekeeping
    • Checking of Notebooks
    • Submission of 2006 SA2 SEQ Assignments
    • Survivor Singapore
  • Peace Settlements
    • Yalta & Potsdam: When? Who? What?
    • Identifying terms
      • Germany: Division, Demilitarisation & Denazification
      • Eastern Europe: Political Systems & Geographical Boundaries
      • International Relations: Founding of the United Nations & Ending the Pacific War
    • Generating some hypotheses about Europe after 1945
Period II
  • the Cold War
    • The Beginnings: Peace Settlements?
    • The Escalation: Berlin Blockade & Korea
    • The Height: Cuban Missile Crisis & Vietnam
    • Detente
  • VIDEO: Escape from Berlin
    • Q&A: Post your questions as comments:
      • James Liew: Why did the East Berliners want to go to the west?
      • Bryan Hoe: Why didn't the US stop the building of the Berlin Wall?

Behind the Iron Curtain

Saturday, January 06, 2007


9 Jan 07
  • Admin: Blogs, Groups, Assignment, Project sample
  • End of War
    • Why was Germany/Japan defeated in 1945? (12)
      • identifying key word triggers
      • classifying factors
      • establishing links
  • Peace Settlements
    • Tehran, Yalta & Potsdam
    • Identifying terms and Predicting the implications
    • Generating some hypotheses about Europe after 1945
12 Jan 07
  • Founding of the United Nations
    • Establishment and Aims
    • Organs and Functions
      • Virtual Tour:
    • Comparison of the UN and the League of Nations
    • Successes and Limitations

Sec 4 Orientation Week

Welcome back. Some administration to get us started
  • Assignment from 2006
    • Social Studies Project: A Matter of Perspective (Deadline week 3)
    • Social Studies Mind-maps: Unit 1 Book 4 (Deadline Week 6)
    • SA2 2006 SEQs (Deadline for MWH week 2; Deadline for SS/MSH week 6)
    • Pls check details at
  • Application for membership to file-sharing group

Subscribe to victoriaschoolhistory
(for sec 4s only)

Thursday, January 04, 2007

Sec 4 History Assessment Components

  • CA1 (30%)
    • CA1.1 (15%)
      • Term 1 Week 4
        • MWH SEQ on Cold War (12 marks)
    • CA1.2 (70%)
      • Term 1 Week 7
        • MWH SEQ on End of Communism (25 marks)
    • CA1.3 (15%)
      • Term 2 Week 4
        • MSH SEQ on Merger/Confrontation (25 marks)
  • SA1 (70%)
    • SA1.1 (50%): Malaya/Singapore History
      • Term 3 Week 1
      • Topics: From British Administration to Separation of Singapore
      • Time: 1 hr 30 mins
        • MSH SBQ (25 marks)
        • MSH SEQ (25 marks)
    • SA1.2 (50%): Modern World History
      • Term 2 Week 9
      • Topics: ALL
      • Time: 1 hr 30 mins
        • MWH SBQ (25 marks)
        • MWH SEQ (25 marks)
  • SA2 (100%)
    • SA2.1 (50%)
      • Term 4 Week 1
      • MSH SBQ (25 marks)
      • MSH SEQ (25 marks)
    • SA2.2 (50%)
      • Term 4 Week 1
      • MWH SBQ (25 marks)
      • MWH SEQ (25 marks)
MWH: Modern World History
MSH: Malayan-Singapore History
SBQ: Source-based Questions
SEQ: Structured-essay Questions

Sec 3 History Assessment Components

  • CA1 (15%)
    • CA1.1 (15%)
      • Term 1 Week 4
        • MWH SEQ on Unit 2.1 (12 marks)
          • Topic: League of Nations & Paris Peace Conference
    • CA1.2 (70%)
      • Term 1 Week 7 (16 Feb 07, 1340-1415, 3G)
        • MWH SBQ on Unit 2.2 (15 marks)
          • Topic: Stalin in the USSR
          • Type: 3 inference questions
          • Time: 35 mins
    • CA1.3 (15%)
      • Term 2 Week 4
        • SEA SEQ on Reasons for Colonialism (12)
  • SA1 (25%)
    • SA1.1 (50%): Southeast Asian History
      • Term 2 Week 8
      • Topics: Colonial Expansion to Rise of Nationalism
        • Knowledge Telling & Transfer (6 marks)
        • SEA SEQ (12 marks)
        • SEA SEQ (12 marks)
    • SA1.2 (50%)
      • Term 2 Week 9
      • Topics: Impact of WWI to Nazi Germany
      • Time: 60 mins
        • MWH SBQ (18 marks)
        • MWH SEQ (12 marks)
  • CA2 (15%)
    • CA2.1 (25%)
      • Term 3 Week 4
        • MWH SBQ
          • War in Europe (Reliability SBQ)
    • CA2.2 (75%)
      • Term 3 Week 7
        • SEA SEQ
          • Rise of Nationalism (13)
  • SA2 (45%)
    • SA2.1 (50%)
      • Term 4 Week 8
      • Topics: Establishment of Colonial Rule - Impact of Japanese Occupation
      • Time: 1hr 30 mins
        • SEA SEQ (25 marks)
        • SEA SEQ (25 marks)
    • SA1.2 (50%)
      • Term 4 Week 9
      • Topics: End of WWI - War in the Pacific
      • Time: 1hr 30 mins
        • MWH SBQ (25 marks)
        • MWH SEQ (25 marks)
MWH: Modern World History
SEA: Southeast Asian History
SBQ: Source-based Questions
SEQ: Structured-essay Questions